The Palestinian uprising against Israel's occupation is going
thru its sixth week. The Egypt Summit, the Arab Countries Summit,
the agreement between Arafat and Shimon Peres at early November
to achieve a "ceasing to hostilities" and the permanent
Israeli repression that has killed over 200 Palestinians and injured
dozens thousands, have not being able until now to dismantle the
"new intifada". The murder of the leader of Fatah, Hussein
Abayat, in Belen at hands of the Israeli army, has upset Palestinian
masses even more, and it can lead to unpredictable consequences.
As part of the implementation of Sharm Sheik agreements, the US
announced the formation of a commission that "will investigate"
the crimes committed by Israelis troops, headed by no other than
the former senator Mitchel with the help of other "friends"
of Israel as Turkey. This "investigating commission" is
like jeering in the face of the Palestinian mass movement.
Now the Palestine National Authority president, Yasser Arafat is
demanding an international UN force to settle in the occupied territories.
Barak's government was able to survive his deep crisis momentarily
thanks to the incidental support given to him by the Shas, the party
of the religious right-wing, whom are opposed to any other negotiation
instance other than the United States. Israel will try to have the
US raise the status of their relationships to the category of "strategic
President Bill Clinton will make one final attempt to reach a truce
in the confrontations and to establish the bases for negotiations
to continue. However, due to the crisis opened after the US presidential
elections and the end of Clinton's government make it difficultly
to think that the imperialist politics will succeed in the meetings
with Arafat and Barak.
Imperialism, the state of Israel and even the so-called Zionist
"left", all call for a "negotiated outcome",
but for them, this the way to achieve the submission of the Palestinian
peoples. Revolutionaries denounce those "agreements" and
"summits" for "peace" that condemn the Palestinian
mass movement to live under national oppression.
In the previous issues of LVO we introduced our readers in several
articles to the situation in the Middle East and its relation to
the Palestinian uprising. In this issue we will try to answer the
to the main queries on this conflict and envelope the politics of
Is a fair peace possible with two states?
To respond to this question it is necessary to revise shortly what
it is and how the state of Israel was founded. In 1947, the United
Nations consecrated the partition of the Palestinian territory and
the foundation of the state of Israel, amid the bloody opposition
of the Arab masses that you/they were majority in the region. This
state was created artificially about the base of the native population's
expulsion, the expropriation of its lands and a true ethnic cleaning,
and it is sustained and armed with nuclear equipment for United
States. From the beginning it has acted as a gendarme of the imperialistic
interests against the Arab masses, completing a crucial list in
the control of the calls routes of the petroleum", be worth
as example the Israeli participation next to France and Great Britain
in the war against Egypt in 1956, when the government of Nasser
had nationalized the Channel of Suez.
The Zionist left and the pacifist Israeli movements that defend
this state, without questioning their colonial origins and their
alliance with imperialism against the Arab masses, argue that the
peaceful and fair solution to the conflict between Palestinian and
Israelis is to build "two states" , but they hold up,
against the Israeli right that the frontiers of the Hebrew state
should not include the territories occupied in 1967, among them
the East of Jerusalem, and the Jewish colonies in Palestinian territory
that have not ceased growing in the past years.
"Progressive" publications as Le Monde Diplomatique equal
the national aspirations of Palestinian peoples to have their own
state to the colonialist expansion of the state of Israel, outlining
that: "the fancy idea of a ' Great Israel' or of a reunified
Arabic Palestine belong to a long-perished past" and they continue
describing the betrayal of the OLP in their renouncement to fight
to "dismantle the Zionist entity" as "realism".
(Argentinean Edition - November 2000).
The existence of the Zionist state was legitimated by the National
Palestine Authority, accepting in the Oslo agreements the existence
of "the two states". The definitive separation in two
"states", one Jew and one Arabic, by means of diplomatic
coercion or by the use of force, is an old plan both of the right-wing
Likud as well as of the Laborists. The only Palestinian "state"
they are willing to accept is in fact a fiction, a group of isolated
Palestinian ghettos, without territorial or economical resources,
without armament, surrounded by colonies and guarded by thousands
soldiers'. The Palestinian "state" is similar to the Batustanes
of the south-African "apartheid" régime, its function
is to supply cheap labor-force for Israeli companies. The acceptance
of this "state", also means that the four million Palestinian
refugees barely surviving in refugee camps at Lebanon, Jordan and
other neighboring countries, would forever lose their right to return
to what once were their lands.
Ehud Barak's laborist government wants the unilateral separation
of the Zionist state, to define their own frontiers according to
their interests, absorbing the establishments of Jewish colonies
in Palestinian territory and in the city of Jerusalem, as its capital
city. This would go accompanied by policies of gaining Jew influence
over cities of Arab majority as Galilea, as a way to neutralize
eventual uprisings from Arabs living as second-class citizens inside
Far from being a realistic or even fair outcome as some pretend,
the solution of building "two states" means the express
acceptance of the colonial oppression carried out by the State of
Israel and Imperialism over the Palestinian mass movement.
What do Islamic leaderships reflect?
The growing discredit of Arafat due to his constant capitulations
to imperialism and Israel and the unbearable conditions of oppression
lived by Palestinian peoples, have strengthened the radicalized
Islamic currents to the left of Arafat, as the Hamas, the Islamic
Jihad and the Hezbollah, this last one based in Lebanon. These organizations
inspired by the Iranian revolution, denounce the fake "peace
process" and they call to continue the struggle against Israel
and against Imperialism. They distortedly express radicalized sectors
of mass movement of the region and they recruit the most combative
activists of the national Palestinian struggle. The collaboration
of Arafat and Palestinian police with the Zionist intelligence services
and even with the CIA, to fight against "terrorism" has
granted many members of Hamas and Jihad to be executed and thousands
imprisoned. The revolutionaries unconditionally defend these organizations
from the repression of the Zionist state and the Palestine National
Authority. But these leaderships do not represent a progressive
alternative for Palestinian mass movement. Their strategy is for
establishing a state enemy of labor class heading the oppressed
masses of the region to confront imperialism and their local subservient
governments with independent policies. The 1979 Iranian revolution
is a very clear example of the results of this cross-class collaboration
strategy. The régime of the Ayatollas is what prevented the
Iranian labor class that had created independent organisms, as the
"shora", fighting with its own methods and throwing down
the hated pro-imperialist régime of the Sha of Persia, from
taking over power. Instead of taking advantage of the revolution
to build a labor state, and using it as a lever to fight for socialist
revolution all through Middle East, a state emerged that although
it kept relative independence from imperialism, it founded a reactionary
theocratic regime that denied all independent expressions of the
mass movement, keeping bourgeois forms of property and drowning
The methods of individual military actions of the organizations
prevent the mass movement from creating their own democratic organisms
and from being at the lead of the struggle for national liberation.
At the same time it allows the Israeli Zionist bloc, deeply divided
by the crisis caused by the Palestinian uprising, to maintain a
reactionary national unity, appealing to "security" reasons
and trying to justify the massacres of their army as defensive actions
from the terrorists.
The official and oppositionist fractions of Palestinian leaderships
of Al Fatah and the OLP, as well as the different Islamic leaderships
are enemies of the independent mobilization of the mass movement,
of the self-organizing and arming of Palestinian people and Middle
East mass movement, the only way to defeat the Zionist state. The
policies of these currents keep Palestinian's upraise in impotence,
as a street revolt of youths facing with stones the tanks and missiles
of Israeli troops.
Who are the allies of Palestinian mass
The destination of the current Palestinian uprising is not only
being played in the streets of Gaza, Cisjordania and the Arab cities
of the state of Israel, but also in the main cities of Arab and
Muslim world from Africa to Indonesia and the Persian Gulf. Millions
have taken the streets to express active solidarity with the Palestinian
national liberation struggle. The proletariat from the main countries
in the region, as the Egyptian and Iranian proletariat are the only
ones who can fight along Palestinian masses and oppressed peoples
for true independence in the region, against their own subservient
governments and imperialism.
Workers and oppressed peoples in the world as Latin American mass
movement that is standing up against the IMF plans should take the
Palestinian struggle as their own, since they confront the same
At imperialist countries a new movement of anti-capitalist youths
has expressed in Seattle, Washington, Millau, Melbourne, London
and Prague. They have argued the perspective of internationalist
struggle against capitalism and oppression. This movement fighting
against poverty, social inequality and oppression caused by capitalism
should support the Palestinian uprising that is at the moment, the
most advanced struggle against imperialist oppression. The American
youths that carried out heroic demonstrations against the Vietnam
War, become a powerful ally that allowed the first military defeat
of US imperialism at hands of a small oppressed nation, showing
the potentiality of unity among youths at central countries along
workers and peoples oppressed by imperialism. This new anti-capitalist
youth should follow this path. The revolutionaries make an urgent
call to all the organizations that claimed to be leftists and anti-imperialists,
to every labor organization, to the anti-capitalist youths, to sectors
of Jewish community that are upset due to the crimes of Zionist
state, to put forward a huge international campaign to support the
uprising of Palestinian peoples.
Which is the strategy of Marxists?
The Trotskyites supports the current Palestinian uprising unconditionally.
We defend their right to national self-determination that will only
be possible with the destruction of the racist state of Israel and
the expulsion of imperialism. We denounce the "peace agreements"
that imperialism looks forward to impose and that Arafat has accepted,
since they only seek to guarantee the existence of the Zionist state
and condemn the Palestinian masses to national oppression and misery.
We defend and support the democratic demands of mass movement, as
the engines of revolutionary mobilization. We follow the method
of Trotsky when he for example supported the right to a "Black
Republic" at South Africa, demand raised by mass movement organizations.
Also we defend the right to a Palestinian and non-racist state upon
the historically Palestinian territory, based on the destruction
of the Zionist state, historical demand of Palestinian mass movement
that the OLP has abandoned. But we clearly point out that a state
where Arabs and Jews can live in peace, will only be possible with
a government of workers and peasants in a Worker's and Socialist
Palestine; because in a world ruled by imperialism, based on the
oppression of most peoples in the world, only the power of workers
and exploited masses can bring democratic demands to be fulfilled
entirely. The policies of nationalist bourgeois leadership at OLP
has made possible the emergence of a "Palestinian elite",
in which Arafat and a circle close to him benefit from the economic
assistance of imperialist powers while peoples suffer unbearable
living conditions. Their strategy for capitulation in the best of
cases will lead to establishing a bourgeois "mini-state"
where exploitation and oppression not disappear.
The Palestinian peoples are resisting heroically, confronting with
stones the Zionist troops. But to win it is necessary for Palestinian
uprisings to overcome their actual limitations. The massive demonstrations
and arming of mass movement in the region are necessary, and the
independent actions of the most concentrated proletariat at Middle
East, because this is the only way to defeat the Israeli army, the
fourth most powerful army of the world and with them imperialism.
Also important are the active solidarity of world oppressed masses
and of youths and workers that from Seattle to Praga, have rejected
the power of corporations and the IMF.
The current leaderships of mass movement, in the first place Arafat,
are staunch enemies of this perspective. Only a revolutionary leadership
of workers, truly anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist and internationalist,
will be able to bring the struggle for national liberation of Palestinian
peoples to victory, and to put forward a program responding to the
interests of labor class of Middle East countries against their
local governments and imperialism, and to use Worker's and Socialist
Palestine to fight for a Socialist Federation of Middle East.
Fighting against Zionism makes you an
For years, Zionism has tried to be identified as the natural ideology
of Jewish communities. This reactionary political movement, and
particularly its "left" wings, consider that all opposition
to their colonial and pro-imperialist strategy to be an expression
of " anti-Semitism".
This is an absolute fake. Zionism, the movement that promoted a
state for Jews, began developing at the end of XIX century, in a
moment in which anti-Semitism and prosecution of Jews was growing
in Europe. Only a minority of Jews supported Zionism. A great part
of Jewish workers at European countries were part of socialist movements
and parties. Important Jewish revolutionary leaders as Leon Trotsky
and Rosa Luxemburg, fought strongly against racism and Zionism,
that looked desperately for some imperialist power to support their
project of establishing a Jewish state at Palestine, even negotiating
with famous anti-Semites as the Russian czar. Zionism was approved
by imperialist governments because they offered to call off the
attention of Jewish workers from revolutionary parties, isolating
them from the rest their class brothers.
Later during the Second World War, the horrors of holocaust and
racism in the "democratic" imperialist countries that
denied immigration rights to prosecuted Jews, made the project of
Zionism to gain popularity.
Cynically, the Zionist state has used the sufferings of Jewish peoples
at hands of Hitler to justify their own methods, that were no different
than those used during the nazi Holocaust. The conquering over the
territory used to build Israel was taken ahead with the methods
of ethnic cleansing of Arab masses living in the region. This is
how the famous "land without people" that the Zionists
seek to created, expelling almost a million Palestinians. Later,
in different wars against the neighboring Arab countries, the Zionist
state continued extending its territories.
The racist and colonialist tradition of Zionism and their alliance
with different imperialistic powers -first Great Britain, later
the US - are the foundations of the state of Israel.
The slaughter of Palestinians perpetrated at Sabra and Chatila,
the "legal torture methods" used upon against Palestinian
prisoners and the 200 Palestinians killed in the past six weeks,
many of them children, are only a few examples of the oppressor
and racist character of Zionism and the services they give to imperialism
against the oppressed masses that fight for their liberation. Paradoxically,
those who accuse of "anti-Semites" to all who denounces
these atrocities and that stand for the destruction of Israel, are
the same who encourage the open expressions of anti-Semitism of
extreme right groups that have begun to resurge, mainly at European
countries that use the crimes of the Zionist state to justify their
The revolutionary Marxists are internationalists, and we fight for
the unity of labor class and oppressed peoples of the world regardless
race, religion and nationality, to defeat the capitalist system
that creates excrescences such as racism and anti-Semite, and to
establish socialism. This is the only effective struggle against
anti-Semite racism as against Zionism, both expressions of capitalist